Monday, July 15, 2024

India becomes the most populous nation in the world, surpassing China

Global Population Trends: India Becomes the Most Populous Country, China Faces Demographic Decline

India has officially become the most populous country in the world, surpassing China, according to the latest data from the United Nations. With a population of 142.86 crore people, India has taken the top spot, edging out China’s population of 142.57 crore.

The Pew Research Centre reports that India’s population has grown by more than one billion people since 1950, the year the UN began collecting population data. This rapid growth has solidified India’s position as the world’s most populous nation.

In contrast, China saw a decline in its population last year for the first time since 1960. The country’s strict “one-child policy,” implemented in the 1980s to address overpopulation concerns, was lifted in 2016. China began allowing couples to have up to three children in 2021, but the demographic decline continues as birth rates drop and the workforce ages.

Looking at the global population trends, the UN projects that the global population will reach 8.045 billion by mid-2023. Africa is also expected to see a significant population increase, with estimates indicating a rise from 1.4 to 3.9 billion inhabitants by 2100.

Several countries, including some in Europe, have experienced population declines in recent years. Japan, in particular, has seen a decrease in its population due to an ageing population, losing over three million inhabitants between 2011 and 2021.

Despite these fluctuations, the UN predicts that the overall global population will continue to grow until the 2090s, peaking at 10.4 billion before beginning to decline.

Factors influencing the population growth include fertility rates, increasing longevity, and international migration. The global fertility rate is projected to decrease from 2.3 children per woman in 2021 to 2.1 in 2050. Additionally, life expectancy is expected to rise globally from 72.8 years in 2019 to 77.2 years in 2050.

International migration also plays a role in population changes, with certain countries experiencing significant inflows or outflows of migrants. These combined factors contribute to the complex dynamics of global population trends.

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