Health experts say that disability and death due to stroke can be avoided with timely diagnosis and treatment, awareness of stroke symptoms can reduce disability and death rate as much as possible.
On World Stroke Day, a treatment and training workshop for stroke doctors was organized at Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry under the auspices of Neurology Awareness and Research Foundation, Al-Khidmat and Pakistan Islamic Medical Association (PIMA) and Pakistan Stroke Society.
The World Stroke Day observed on October 29 globally by the World Organization for Paralysis has been named “Minutes… “Can Save Lives.” The background to this central concept is that even in developed countries there is a lack of awareness of the early stages of stroke, due to which a large number of people who have timely If treatment could have been given quickly based on diagnosis, they would have missed it, and the disability and death rate due to stroke would have multiplied as a result.
In this context, the title and main idea of this year’s World Stroke Day is to know the symptoms related to stroke so that disability and death rate can be reduced as much as possible through timely diagnosis and treatment.
Speaking at a medical and training workshop, he said stroke can occur at any age, which is why stroke-related deaths continue to rise worldwide, affecting one in four men and one in five women.
He said that Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world, with about 220 million people. According to a conservative estimate, the rate of non-communicable diseases including stroke in our country is more than 40 percent, while about 5 percent of the population is forced to live with stroke. From this point of view, about 10 lakh people are living with some form of disability. Today, while the medical field has advanced in all directions, there have also been significant innovations in the treatment of stroke.
He said that until some time ago stroke was considered as an incurable disease, but now after various investigations it has been proved that it is not only a curable disease but its attack can also be prevented. People are still deprived of timely, effective, quality and affordable treatment for stroke, which, according to a conservative estimate, kills more than four lakh people annually in Pakistan and millions of people are forced to live with permanent disability.
He said, paralysis is a disease that can paralyze any part of the body, and in some cases its attack can be fatal. Its symptoms include deafness in one part of the body, loss of speech or understanding, difficulty in eating and drinking, inability to walk, inability to see, forgetfulness, etc.
He said that after a stroke, patients need immediate treatment, because the sooner the affected person receives medical care in a hospital or stroke unit, the more likely they are to recover, but unfortunately, here we are. Most do not have access to quality treatment. Patient on time. According to various surveys conducted by major hospitals across Pakistan, the death rate from stroke alone ranges from 7 to 20 percent, while it varies from 63 percent among all stroke patients. They suffer from medical complications and 89 percent are fully or partially disabled. They do daily work by themselves and depend on their families.
Experts say that if complications and death rates after severe stroke are to be reduced, then the most important thing for this is to establish stroke centers in neurology departments of all teaching hospitals. In the current situation, these are available. Major shortage of centers, as stroke centers in major hospitals could save many precious lives from loss or life-long disability if they provide treatment. The disease also has a significant impact on the national economy, as treatment, hospital stays and medical expenses are very expensive.
He said that people should be given information in local language about the symptoms and prevention of mental and heart diseases through awareness campaign and for this awareness campaign should be started in every small and big city. Awareness campaign is being conducted in almost all developed countries. It has played an important role in controlling the rising rates of stroke and heart attack.
He claimed that stroke care units should be set up in all major hospitals. In this way, death and disability rates due to stroke can be reduced by at least 20 percent. Also, long-term homes or institutions. Maintenance costs can also be incurred. Avoidance All provincial governments should ensure that trained paramedical staff are available in hospitals that admit stroke patients and in stroke care units.
He said that currently the number of trained stroke specialists in the country is very less and they are also associated with private hospitals in two-three cities. The number of neurologists in the country is about 200 for a population of 22 crores. Due to this lack of specialist doctors, however, there is a problem in the treatment of stroke.
He said, for this, the central government in collaboration with the provincial governments should form a national task force, which will include medical experts, so that stroke prevention and proper treatment can be carried out on a large scale. It is also a responsibility to establish a national stroke registry in the country.
Through the above measures it is possible to prevent stroke, provide better treatment and recover patients as soon as possible. However, in this context, not only the government, but all levels of society must work together, so that not only the millions of deaths due to stroke every year, but also the number of patients suffering from various complications can be reduced. age Total disability can also be avoided.
On the occasion of World Stroke Day observed on October 29, neurologists from Hyderabad, Larkana and Sukkur addressed press conferences and awareness walks were also organized in various cities to create public awareness.