Najib Mahfuz started writing at the age of seventeen and his first work was published when he was thirty-eight. Similarly, his novel was awarded the Nobel Prize thirty years after its publication. World famous novelist Najeeb Mahfuz’s death anniversary is being observed today.
Najib Mahfouz, who enriched Egyptian literature with his stories, died in 2006. He won the Nobel Prize in 1988.
His full name was Najib Mahfuz Abdul Aziz Ibrahim Ahmad Pasha. Najib Mahfouz, born on December 11, 1911 in Cairo, Egypt, wrote more than thirty novels and 350 stories in his literary journey. He also wrote scripts for films, stage plays, while his articles and columns were published in prestigious journals and newspapers. He became popular in Egypt for his work as a realist and was later recognized worldwide.
Najib Mahfuz lived his early life in poverty and hardship and his family was pious. Nevertheless, he was drawn to art and literature and rebelled against tradition by writing on subjects that made him controversial among conservatives.
The British occupation of Egypt and the revolutionary movement had a profound effect on Najib Mahfouz and nurtured in him a spirit that allowed him to develop his creativity.
Najib Mahfouz graduated from Cairo University in 1934 with a degree in philosophy and enrolled for a master’s, but was unable to complete his studies and turned to writing. He highlighted the flaws of Egyptian society in his stories and wrote on many touchy subjects. Najeeb Mahfuz’s novels and books have been translated into all major languages of the world including Urdu.
In the 50s, Najeeb Mahfuz became a well-known writer and in the 80s his famous book ‘Cairo Trilogy’ was published. It is a collection of three stories with the first part: ‘Mahal Ta Mahal 1956, the second part Qasr-e-Shaq 1957 and the third Kocha Shireen 1959. Najeeb Mahfuz exemplified privacy and sophistication in his style.