Tuesday, May 28, 2024

Age Determines Long COVID Symptoms in Children, Study Finds

A recent study involving nearly 6,000 children and young adults in the US has revealed that Long COVID symptoms vary across different age groups, offering valuable insights to healthcare providers for better diagnosis and management of the syndrome.

Presented at a Pediatric Academic Societies meeting in Toronto, the study by Rachel Gross, a paediatrician and population health researcher at New York University, sheds light on the various Long COVID symptoms experienced by different age groups.

The research highlights the significance of understanding Long COVID in children, particularly as researchers continue to explore the long-term effects of COVID-19 infection in this demographic.

Compared to non-infected control groups, school-age children, adolescents, and young adults who contracted SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing COVID-19, exhibited a range of persistent symptoms. These included low energy, post-exercise fatigue, headaches, pains, light-headedness, focus issues, nausea, vomiting, chest pain, and heart palpitations, among others.

Notably, chest pain and heart palpitations were more prevalent in young adults. Changes in smell were observed predominantly in young adults and adolescents.

The study found that infants experienced more general symptoms like poor appetite, trouble sleeping, and ongoing respiratory issues, while pre-school children exhibited a combination of general, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and ear, nose, and throat symptoms.

Among school-age children, general symptoms and ear, nose, and throat issues were more common, whereas adolescents and young adults showed a higher prevalence of loss of taste/smell and pain.

Understanding the specific Long COVID symptoms associated with different age groups is crucial for clinicians to accurately diagnose and treat the condition.

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